Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 2: Role of DNA (HS), Life Science, Non-NGSS Articles, S&F 1: Cells (MS), S&F 1: DNA to Proteins (HS), S&F 2: Cell Function (MS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), S&F 4: Stimuli Response (MS), Structure and Function

mRNA vaccines – a new era in vaccinology

https://www.nature.com/articles/nrd.2017.243 SUMMARY: Traditional ways of making vaccines include using antigens and weakened or dead pathogens. While these methods have worked for us in the past, their application is limited. They don’t work against cancers and tumors and they can be expensive to produce. Using mRNA vaccines is a new and versatile way to create vaccines.… Continue reading mRNA vaccines – a new era in vaccinology

Chemical Reactions, CR 1: Predicting Reactions (HS), Life Science, Natural Selection & Evolution, Non-NGSS Articles, NSE 4: Adaption (HS), S&F 1: DNA to Proteins (HS), S&P 1: Periodic Table Patterns (HS), S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter, Structure and Function

The making of natural iron sulfide nanoparticles in a hot vent snail

https://www.pnas.org/content/116/41/20376 SUMMARY: The scaly-foot snail also known as Chrysomallon squamiferum is unique in that it makes iron sulfide nanoparticles. Chemically, most creatures who are only able to make minerals (biomineralization) using oxygen. The scaly-foot snail is able to do this in the absence of oxygen, a method that scientists are keen on understanding as it… Continue reading The making of natural iron sulfide nanoparticles in a hot vent snail

Life Science, S&F 1: Cells (MS), S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 2: Cell Function (MS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), Structure and Function

Immune responses in COVID-19

Immune responses in COVID-19 and potential vaccines: Lessons learned from SARS and MERS epidemic SUMMARY: This article review looks at what is already known about SARS and MERS and uses the data and clinical studies to discuss potential vaccines and treatments for the new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2. Compared to SARS-CoV and MERS, SARS-CoV-2 has a much… Continue reading Immune responses in COVID-19

E 2: Energy & Motion (HS), E 2: Potential Energy (MS), E 5: Kinetic Energy Transfer (MS), Energy, F&I 2: Newton's 3rd Law (HS), F&I 3: Shock Absorbers (HS), Forces & Interactions

Contributions of Limb Joints to Energy Absorption during Landing in Cats

Contributions of Limb Joints to Energy Absorption during Landing in Cats SUMMARY: How is it that cats are able to jump down from high places and not hurt themselves? Researchers in this study observed 5 cats, jumping from various heights, for clues as to what sorts of forces and shock absorbers were at work. The… Continue reading Contributions of Limb Joints to Energy Absorption during Landing in Cats

Non-NGSS Articles, Space Systems, SS 1: Earth-Sun-Moon (MS)

Do Full Moons Cause Behavioral Changes?

Exploring the Potential Psychiatric Implications of Astronomical Phenomena SUMMARY: This study looked at the effect of the full moon and other astronomical phenomena on behavior. Researchers recorded the number of incidences (restraints, seclusions, and code green emergencies) that occurred in a psychiatric hospital in Buffalo, NY for 5 years. The results showed no correlation between… Continue reading Do Full Moons Cause Behavioral Changes?

Earth Science, Earth's System, ES 1: Geochemical Cycles (HS), ES 2: Thermal Convection Evidence (HS), ES 4: Carbon Cycling (HS), HE 1: Plate Tectonics (HS), HE 2: Geoscience (MS), HE 3: Mantle Convection (HS), History of Earth, W&C 3: Global Warming Causes (MS), Weather and Climate

CO2 emissions from subaerial volcanoes

The emissions of CO2 and other volatiles from the world's subaerial volcanoes SUMMARY: Volcanoes play an important role in recycling carbon dioxide. This study takes a closer look at the amount emitted into the atmosphere by volcanoes that aren't underwater. Out of 900 volcanoes, only 500 have detectable degassing activity (i.e. they are emitting gases).… Continue reading CO2 emissions from subaerial volcanoes