Variability of mitochondrial respiration in relation to sepsis-induced multiple organ dysfunction SUMMARY: This is an article review on how oxygen is used by the mitochondria during sepsis in various studies. The role of the mitochondria in sepsis is still inconsistent, despite the many studies conducted. There are three hypotheses for mitochondrial dysfunction. 1. Mitochondria are… Continue reading Mitochondrial respiration during sepsis
Branched-chain amino acids and muscle protein synthesis in humans: myth or reality? SUMMARY: This study is an article review of the studies on whether or not consuming BCAAs (branched chain amino acids) alone was enough to promote muscle growth. Muscle protein is constantly being synthesized and broken down (anabolism, catabolism). Amino acids in blood plasma… Continue reading BCAAs and muscle protein synthesis in humans: myth or reality?
Long-term impacts of antibiotic exposure on the human intestinal microbiota SUMMARY: This review looked at how long the impact of taking antibiotics will last in the host. If one is looking at the microbiota as a whole, the effects seem to be short term (a few months); however, if one looks at the population of… Continue reading Long-term Impacts of Antibiotic Exposure on the Human Intestinal Microbiota
Acetaldehyde production and metabolism by human indigenous and probiotic Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium strains. (NOT OPEN ACCESS) SUMMARY: In order to turn ethanol into acetaldehyde, the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase requires both a zinc atom and NAD+. This study looks at the levels of NAD+ in Lactobacillus and Bifidobacteria after incubating them in ethanol and acetaldehyde, in… Continue reading Metabolizing Acetaldehyde