Biogeochemical Redox Processes and their Impact on Contaminant Dynamics SUMMARY: Reduction and oxidation reactions are the drivers behind many biological processes. Energy is both stored and transferred through these reactions. This article talks about the various redox reactions that can occur, both biotically and abiotically, and how that affects both biogeochemical cycles and contaminants. The… Continue reading Impacts of Biogeochemical Redox Processes
Altered gut microbiota and short chain fatty acids in Chinese children with autism spectrum disorder SUMMARY: After looking at the fecal samples of 30 autistic children and 20 neurotypical children, researchers found that the autistic group had more instances of constipation, higher valeric acid (a type of short chain fatty acid), lower butyric acid, and… Continue reading Altered gut microbiota and SCFA in Chinese children with autism spectrum disorder
Branched-chain amino acids and muscle protein synthesis in humans: myth or reality? SUMMARY: This study is an article review of the studies on whether or not consuming BCAAs (branched chain amino acids) alone was enough to promote muscle growth. Muscle protein is constantly being synthesized and broken down (anabolism, catabolism). Amino acids in blood plasma… Continue reading BCAAs and muscle protein synthesis in humans: myth or reality?
Long-term impacts of antibiotic exposure on the human intestinal microbiota SUMMARY: This review looked at how long the impact of taking antibiotics will last in the host. If one is looking at the microbiota as a whole, the effects seem to be short term (a few months); however, if one looks at the population of… Continue reading Long-term Impacts of Antibiotic Exposure on the Human Intestinal Microbiota
Climate-driven shifts in sediment chemistry enhance methane production in northern lakes SUMMARY: Different types of plant material decay and produce different amounts of methane. Methane is a more potent greenhouse gas compared to CO2 and decomposes into CO2 in the atmosphere. This study compared methane production of various types of plants. Plant material was collected… Continue reading Taking Methane Production Into Account