Life Science, M&E 2: Anabolism/Catabolism (HS), Matter & Energy in Organisms/Ecosystems, NSE 2: Taxonomy (MS), NSE 3: Embryology (MS), S&F 1: DNA to Proteins (HS), S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Homeostasis (HS), S&F 4: Stimuli Response (MS), Structure and Function

The Endocannabinoid System of Animals

The Endocannabinoid System of Animals SUMMARY: This article talks about the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in animals. The first and second section talks about the three parts of the ECS: receptors (CBR1 and CBR2), ligands (endocannabinoids), and the ligand degrading enzymes. The receptors are G-protein coupled receptors, the ligands bind directly to these receptors, and the… Continue reading The Endocannabinoid System of Animals

Life Science, Non-NGSS Articles, Physical Science, S&F 2: Cell Function (MS), Structure and Function, W 1: Graphing Waves (MS), W 1: Wave Relationships (HS), W 2: Wave Behavior (MS), W 4: Effects of E-magnet Radiation (HS), Waves & Electromagnetic Radiation

Toxic wavelength of blue light changes as insects grow

Toxic wavelength of blue light changes as insects grow SUMMARY: Different wavelengths of light are toxic to insects. In this study, scientists looked at the different effects of blue light on fruit flies (Drosophila). They found that each developmental stage was more susceptible to different wavelengths. There were also differences between males and females. For… Continue reading Toxic wavelength of blue light changes as insects grow

Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 2: Role of DNA (HS), Inheritance 4: Asexual/Sexual (MS), Inheritance 5: DNA Technology (MS), Life Science, Natural Selection & Evolution, Non-NGSS Articles, NSE 3: Trait Selection (HS), NSE 4: Adaption (HS), NSE 4: Fitness (MS), S&F 1: DNA to Proteins (HS), S&F 2: Cell Function (MS), Structure and Function

Anhydrobiosis without trehalose in bdelloid rotifers

Anhydrobiosis without trehalose in bdelloid rotifers SUMMARY: There are many types of organisms that can dry out, rehydrate, and then go about their lives with no problems. Many of the larger ones use trehalose or sucrose as an antifreeze. Bdelloid rotifers (tiny microscopic animals) do not. This study looked at the carbohydrate content in desiccated… Continue reading Anhydrobiosis without trehalose in bdelloid rotifers

E 5: Energy from Electric/Magnetic Fields (HS), Energy, F&I 3: Electric/Magnetic Forces (MS), F&I 4: Gravity & Electrostatic Forces (HS), F&I 5: Electricity & Magnets (HS), F&I 5: Force Fields (MS), Forces & Interactions, Physical Science, S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), S&P 1: Atoms & Molecules (MS), S&P 1: Periodic Table Patterns (HS), S&P 2: Investigating Electrical Force (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter, Structure and Function, W 2: Digital Info (HS), W 3: Modeling Electromagnetic Radiation (HS), W 4: Effects of E-magnet Radiation (HS), W 5: Devices (HS), Waves & Electromagnetic Radiation

Electronic Tongues

A Versatile Electronic Tongue Based on Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging and Cross-Reactive Sensor Arrays-A Mini-Review SUMMARY: Scientists are trying to create electronic tongues (eT) and noses (eN) that act similar to human tongues and noses. These artificial sensors are different from traditional sensors in that they don’t recognize individual molecules, instead, they recognize heterogeneous liquids… Continue reading Electronic Tongues

E 1: Energy, Mass, & Speed (MS), E 2: Energy & Motion (HS), Earth Science, Energy, F&I 1: Newton's 2nd Law (HS), F&I 1: Newton's 3rd Law (MS), F&I 2: Newton's 1st Law (MS), F&I 2: Newton's 3rd Law (HS), F&I 4: Gravity & Mass (MS), F&I 5: Force Fields (MS), Forces & Interactions, Life Science, Physical Science, S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), Space Systems, SS 2: Gravity (MS), Structure and Function

Microgravity and the Respiratory System

Microgravity and the Respiratory System SUMMARY: What are the effects of gravity on lung function? This study first breaks down how gravity works and its effects on living organisms. The second section explains lung function with and without gravity. Finally, the last sections look at the difference in lung function during and after short and… Continue reading Microgravity and the Respiratory System

Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 1: Mitosis (HS), Inheritance 2: Genes and Growth (MS), Inheritance 2: Role of DNA (HS), Inheritance 4: Asexual/Sexual (MS), Life Science, M&E 1: Photosynthesis (HS), M&E 1: Photosynthesis (MS), Matter & Energy in Organisms/Ecosystems, S&F 1: Cells (MS), S&F 2: Cell Function (MS), Structure and Function

Chloroplast Division

Chloroplast Division SUMMARY: Chloroplast division in plants is still a fairly unknown topic when it comes to specific cellular/molecular mechanisms. This paper describes, step by step, all the proteins and enzymes involved in helping chloroplasts divide (FtsZ, Min system, ARC6, etc.) It also compares the division of chloroplasts to binary fission in various prokaryotes (FtsZ… Continue reading Chloroplast Division