Life Science, S&F 1: Cells (MS), S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 2: Cell Function (MS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), Structure and Function

Immune responses in COVID-19

SUMMARY: This article review looks at what is already known about SARS and MERS and uses the data and clinical studies to discuss potential vaccines and treatments for the new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2. Compared to SARS-CoV and MERS, SARS-CoV-2 has a much lower fatality rate (2.8%). It’s highly contagious and has an R0 of 2.2-2.6, meaning… Continue reading Immune responses in COVID-19

Life Science, Non-NGSS Articles, S&F 1: DNA to Proteins (HS), S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), Structure and Function

Donkey’s Milk in the Management of Children with Cow’s Milk protein allergy

Donkey’s Milk in the Management of Children with Cow’s Milk protein allergy: nutritional and hygienic aspects SUMMARY: Doctors and scientists have been looking for a good cow-milk (CM) substitute for the 4% of kids who have severe CM allergies. Unfortunately, goat and sheep milk often contain proteins that are similar to those found in CM… Continue reading Donkey’s Milk in the Management of Children with Cow’s Milk protein allergy

Life Science, M&E 2: Anabolism/Catabolism (HS), Matter & Energy in Organisms/Ecosystems, NSE 2: Taxonomy (MS), NSE 3: Embryology (MS), S&F 1: DNA to Proteins (HS), S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Homeostasis (HS), S&F 4: Stimuli Response (MS), Structure and Function

The Endocannabinoid System of Animals

The Endocannabinoid System of Animals SUMMARY: This article talks about the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in animals. The first and second section talk about the three parts of the ECS: receptors (CBR1 and CBR2), ligands (endocannabinoids), and the ligand degrading enzymes. The receptors are G-protein coupled receptors, the ligands bind directly to these receptors, and the… Continue reading The Endocannabinoid System of Animals

E 5: Energy from Electric/Magnetic Fields (HS), Energy, F&I 3: Electric/Magnetic Forces (MS), F&I 4: Gravity & Electrostatic Forces (HS), F&I 5: Electricity & Magnets (HS), F&I 5: Force Fields (MS), Forces & Interactions, Physical Science, S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), S&P 1: Atoms & Molecules (MS), S&P 1: Periodic Table Patterns (HS), S&P 2: Investigating Electrical Force (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter, Structure and Function, W 2: Digital Info (HS), W 3: Modeling Electromagnetic Radiation (HS), W 4: Effects of E-magnet Radiation (HS), W 5: Devices (HS), Waves & Electromagnetic Radiation

Electronic Tongues

A Versatile Electronic Tongue Based on Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging and Cross-Reactive Sensor Arrays-A Mini-Review SUMMARY: Scientists are trying to create electronic tongues (eT) and noses (eN) that act like human tongues and noses. These artificial sensors are different from traditional sensors in that they don’t recognize individual molecules, but heterogeneous liquids and gases. In… Continue reading Electronic Tongues

E 1: Energy, Mass, & Speed (MS), E 2: Energy & Motion (HS), Earth Science, Energy, F&I 1: Newton's 2nd Law (HS), F&I 1: Newton's 3rd Law (MS), F&I 2: Newton's 1st Law (MS), F&I 2: Newton's 3rd Law (HS), F&I 4: Gravity & Mass (MS), F&I 5: Force Fields (MS), Forces & Interactions, Life Science, Physical Science, S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), Space Systems, SS 2: Gravity (MS), Structure and Function

Microgravity and the Respiratory System

Microgravity and the Respiratory System SUMMARY: What are the effects of gravity on lung function? This study first breaks down how gravity works and its effects on living organisms. The second section explains lung function with and without gravity. Finally, the last sections look at the difference in lung function during and after short and… Continue reading Microgravity and the Respiratory System

Life Science, Physical Science, S&F 1: Cells (MS), S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 2: Cell Function (MS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter, Structure and Function

Tardigrades in Space Research – Past and Future

Tardigrades in Space Research - Past and Future SUMMARY: This is a review of the research articles and experiments on tardigrades in space. It's an easy read and best used as an introduction to other articles on the specific experiments conducted by NASA. In the first few sections, the authors explain what tardigrades are, their… Continue reading Tardigrades in Space Research – Past and Future