E 5: Energy from Electric/Magnetic Fields (HS), Energy, F&I 3: Electric/Magnetic Forces (MS), F&I 4: Gravity & Electrostatic Forces (HS), F&I 5: Electricity & Magnets (HS), F&I 5: Force Fields (MS), Forces & Interactions, Physical Science, S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), S&P 1: Atoms & Molecules (MS), S&P 1: Periodic Table Patterns (HS), S&P 2: Investigating Electrical Force (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter, Structure and Function, W 2: Digital Info (HS), W 3: Modeling Electromagnetic Radiation (HS), W 4: Effects of E-magnet Radiation (HS), W 5: Devices (HS), Waves & Electromagnetic Radiation

Electronic Tongues

A Versatile Electronic Tongue Based on Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging and Cross-Reactive Sensor Arrays-A Mini-Review SUMMARY: Scientists are trying to create electronic tongues (eT) and noses (eN) that act similar to human tongues and noses. These artificial sensors are different from traditional sensors in that they don’t recognize individual molecules, instead, they recognize heterogeneous liquids… Continue reading Electronic Tongues

E 1: Energy, Mass, & Speed (MS), E 2: Energy & Motion (HS), Earth Science, Energy, F&I 1: Newton's 2nd Law (HS), F&I 1: Newton's 3rd Law (MS), F&I 2: Newton's 1st Law (MS), F&I 2: Newton's 3rd Law (HS), F&I 4: Gravity & Mass (MS), F&I 5: Force Fields (MS), Forces & Interactions, Life Science, Physical Science, S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), Space Systems, SS 2: Gravity (MS), Structure and Function

Microgravity and the Respiratory System

Microgravity and the Respiratory System SUMMARY: What are the effects of gravity on lung function? This study first breaks down how gravity works and its effects on living organisms. The second section explains lung function with and without gravity. Finally, the last sections look at the difference in lung function during and after short and… Continue reading Microgravity and the Respiratory System

Life Science, Physical Science, S&F 1: Cells (MS), S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 2: Cell Function (MS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter, Structure and Function

Tardigrades in Space Research – Past and Future

Tardigrades in Space Research - Past and Future SUMMARY: This is a review of the research articles and experiments on tardigrades in space. It's an easy read and best used as an introduction to more articles on the specific experiments conducted by NASA. In the first few sections, the authors explain what tardigrades are, their… Continue reading Tardigrades in Space Research – Past and Future

Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 3: Mutations (HS), Inheritance 3: Mutations (MS), Life Science, Physical Science, S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), S&F 3: Homeostasis (HS), S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter, Structure and Function

Serotonin as a link between the gut-brain-microbiome axis in autism spectrum disorders

Serotonin as a link between the gut-brain-microbiome axis in autism spectrum disorders SUMMARY: This paper reviews some of the studies that looked at the connection between serotonin production, microbiome, and autism. The first two sections give some basic information on serotonin, its reuptake transporter, and the gut-brain connection. Sections three and four talk about changes… Continue reading Serotonin as a link between the gut-brain-microbiome axis in autism spectrum disorders

Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 2: Genes and Growth (MS), Life Science, S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), Structure and Function

Ingestion of Lactobacillus strain regulates emotional behavior and central GABA receptor expression

Ingestion of Lactobacillus strain regulates emotional behavior and central GABA receptor expression in a mouse via the vagus nerve SUMMARY: This study looked at the effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus on GABA receptors in the brain as well as the role of the vagus nerve in communicating between the gut and the brain. Results showed that… Continue reading Ingestion of Lactobacillus strain regulates emotional behavior and central GABA receptor expression

Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 2: Genes and Growth (MS), Life Science, S&F 1: Cells (MS), S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 2: Cell Function (MS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), Structure and Function

Air Pollution, Early Life Microbiome, and Development

Air Pollution, Early Life Microbiome, and Development SUMMARY: This is a short review of how environmental factors during pregnancy could possibly affect the baby’s development after birth. Effects include being more prone to allergies, obesity, and autism. Many of the results turned out to actually be inconclusive. The authors give the following reasons: gut microbiota… Continue reading Air Pollution, Early Life Microbiome, and Development