Life Science, M&E 2: Anabolism/Catabolism (HS), Matter & Energy in Organisms/Ecosystems, NSE 2: Taxonomy (MS), NSE 3: Embryology (MS), S&F 1: DNA to Proteins (HS), S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Homeostasis (HS), S&F 4: Stimuli Response (MS), Structure and Function

The Endocannabinoid System of Animals

The Endocannabinoid System of Animals SUMMARY: This article talks about the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in animals. The first and second section talks about the three parts of the ECS: receptors (CBR1 and CBR2), ligands (endocannabinoids), and the ligand degrading enzymes. The receptors are G-protein coupled receptors, the ligands bind directly to these receptors, and the… Continue reading The Endocannabinoid System of Animals

Life Science, S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), S&F 3: Homeostasis (HS), S&F 4: Stimuli Response (MS), Structure and Function

Human Gut Microbiome and Health

The Human Gut Microbiome - A Potential Controller of Wellness and Disease SUMMARY: This is a summary article of all the disorders and diseases that are correlated with gut microbiome disruption: Clostridium infections, inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease, obesity, colon cancer, and autism spectrum disorder. For each disorder, the authors summarize the research that has… Continue reading Human Gut Microbiome and Health

Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 3: Mutations (HS), Inheritance 3: Mutations (MS), Life Science, M&E 2: Anabolism/Catabolism (HS), M&E 2: Metabolism (MS), Matter & Energy in Organisms/Ecosystems, Natural Selection & Evolution, NSE 1: Evolution Evidence (HS), NSE 2: Evolution Factors (HS), NSE 4: Adaption (HS), S&F 2: Cell Function (MS), S&F 4: Stimuli Response (MS), Structure and Function

All About Efflux Pumps

Bacterial Multidrug Efflux Pumps: Much More Than Antibiotic Resistance Determinants SUMMARY: Efflux pumps are found in all organisms; they play an important role in helping the cells pump out toxins, heavy metals, and in the case of antibiotic resistant bacteria, antibiotics! This article talks about how efflux pumps work, other ways that they are used… Continue reading All About Efflux Pumps