Chemical Reactions, CR 3: Testing Endo/Exothermic Reactions (MS), E 1: Energy Flow (HS), E 3: Designing Energy Transfer (HS), E 3: Insulating/Conducting Heat (MS), E 4: Heat Transfer (HS), E 4: Testing Energy/Heat Transfer (MS), E 5: Energy from Electric/Magnetic Fields (HS), E 5: Kinetic Energy Transfer (MS), Energy, F&I 3: Electric/Magnetic Forces (MS), F&I 5: Electricity & Magnets (HS), Forces & Interactions, Physical Science, S&P 3: Heat & Reactions (MS), S&P 3: Nuclear Decay (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter

Pu burning in a molten salt fast reactor

A disruptive approach to eliminating weapon-grade plutonium – Pu burning in a molten salt fast reactor SUMMARY: This study looked at the efficiency of several types of nuclear reactions: molten-salt reactors, light water reactors, and fast reactors. Using a program (written in Python), scientists looked at the data from each type of reactors (on an… Continue reading Pu burning in a molten salt fast reactor

Chemical Reactions, CR 1: Determining Chemical Reactions (MS), CR 1: Predicting Reactions (HS), CR 2: Energy in Reactions (HS), CR 2: Modeling Conservation of Mass (MS), CR 3: Evidence of Reactions (HS), CR 3: Testing Endo/Exothermic Reactions (MS), CR 4: Driving Reactions (HS), Non-NGSS Articles, Physical Science, S&P 1: Atoms & Molecules (MS), S&P 1: Periodic Table Patterns (HS), S&P 3: Heat & Reactions (MS), S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter, W 1: Graphing Waves (MS), W 1: Wave Relationships (HS), W 2: Wave Behavior (MS), Waves & Electromagnetic Radiation

Beaming Pyrimidines Part 2

Thymine and Other Prebiotic Molecules Produced from the Ultraviolet Photo-Irradiation of Pyrimidine in Simple Astrophysical Ice Analogs(NOT OPEN ACCESS) SUMMARY: In the second edition of beaming pyrimidines, instead of using ammonia, scientists beamed pyrimidines with methanol, water and methanol, methane, and water and methane, at various ratios for each combination. As with “Beaming Pyrimidines Part… Continue reading Beaming Pyrimidines Part 2

Chemical Reactions, CR 2: Energy in Reactions (HS), CR 3: Testing Endo/Exothermic Reactions (MS), CR 4: Driving Reactions (HS), Earth Science, Non-NGSS Articles, Physical Science, S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Space Systems, SS 3: Solar Sys Scale (MS), Structure & Properties of Matter, W 1: Graphing Waves (MS), W 1: Wave Relationships (HS), W 2: Wave Behavior (MS), Waves & Electromagnetic Radiation

Why Is Pluto Red Part 2

Ice Chemistry on Outer Solar System Bodies: Electron Radiolysis of N2-, CH4-, and Co-Containing Ices SUMMARY: In “Why Is Pluto Red Part 1” scientists beamed gases with UV photons; in this sequel, scientists beamed the same ratio of gases (nitrogen, methane, and carbon dioxide at a ratio of 100:1:1) with electrons. It’s thought that because… Continue reading Why Is Pluto Red Part 2

Chemical Reactions, CR 2: Energy in Reactions (HS), CR 2: Modeling Conservation of Mass (MS), CR 3: Evidence of Reactions (HS), CR 3: Testing Endo/Exothermic Reactions (MS), CR 4: Driving Reactions (HS), CR 5: Conservation of Mass (HS), Physical Science, S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter, W 1: Graphing Waves (MS), W 1: Wave Relationships (HS), W 2: Digital Info (HS), W 2: Wave Behavior (MS), W 3: Digital vs Analog (MS), W 3: Modeling Electromagnetic Radiation (HS), W 5: Devices (HS), Waves & Electromagnetic Radiation

Beaming Simulated Space Ice

Enantiomeric separation of complex organic molecules produced from irradiation of interstellar/circumstellar ice analogs(NOT OPEN ACCESS) SUMMARY: To simulate conditions in space and in asteroids and meteorites, scientists put simple gases (water, carbon dioxide, ammonia, and methanol) into a low temperature and low pressure chamber. Then, using UV light, they irradiated these gases (which at the… Continue reading Beaming Simulated Space Ice