Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 3: Mutations (HS), Inheritance 3: Mutations (MS), Life Science, Physical Science, S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), S&F 3: Homeostasis (HS), S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter, Structure and Function

Serotonin as a link between the gut-brain-microbiome axis in autism spectrum disorders

Serotonin as a link between the gut-brain-microbiome axis in autism spectrum disorders SUMMARY: This paper reviews the studies looking at the connection between serotonin production, microbiome, and autism. The first two sections give some basic information on serotonin, its reuptake transporter, and the gut-brain connection. Sections three and four talk about changes in serotonin (either… Continue reading Serotonin as a link between the gut-brain-microbiome axis in autism spectrum disorders

Non-NGSS Articles, S&P 1: Atoms & Molecules (MS), S&P 1: Periodic Table Patterns (HS), S&P 2: Investigating Electrical Force (HS), S&P 2: Synthetic Materials (MS), S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter

The Antibiotic Neomycin Enhances Coxsackievirus Plaque Formation

The Antibiotic Neomycin Enhances Coxsackievirus Plaque Formation SUMMARY: This article talks about how antibiotics (specifically neomycin) and other positively charged substances can help viruses spread (the virus studied in this case has a negatively charged exterior). Most of the experiments looked at the reasons why the virus was able to form more plaques with the… Continue reading The Antibiotic Neomycin Enhances Coxsackievirus Plaque Formation

Life Science, Physical Science, S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter, Structure and Function

Engineering a Better Enzyme to Degrade PET Plastic

Characterization and engineering of a plastic-degrading aromatic polyesterase SUMMARY: There is a bacterium that makes PETase (an enzyme that can digest PET plastic). Researchers in this paper took this PETase enzyme, modified it slightly, and made it better. The modifications aded in sections that were commonly seen in other enzymes such as cutinases and lipases;… Continue reading Engineering a Better Enzyme to Degrade PET Plastic

Life Science, Physical Science, S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter, Structure and Function

How the Microbiome Might Affect Microglia

Emerging Developments in Microbiome and Microglia Research: Implications for Neurodevelopmental Disorders SUMMARY: Short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) produced by gut bacteria influence the way microglia develop. This then affects the way synapses are pruned, myelination, and other aspects of brain development. There are three types of SCFAs: acetate, butyrate, and propionate. They each have different… Continue reading How the Microbiome Might Affect Microglia

Chemical Reactions, CR 1: Determining Chemical Reactions (MS), CR 1: Predicting Reactions (HS), Life Science, Physical Science, S&F 1: Cells (MS), S&F 2: Cell Function (MS), S&P 1: Atoms & Molecules (MS), S&P 1: Periodic Table Patterns (HS), S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter, Structure and Function

Silver Dressing and Bacteria

Wound management in an era of increasing bacterial antibiotic resistance: A role for topical silver treatment(NOT OPEN ACCESS) SUMMARY: One way of fighting antibiotic resistant bacteria is to prevent them from growing in the first place. This article looks at three different types of silver dressing, intended to do just that: silver nitrate, silver sulfadiazine,… Continue reading Silver Dressing and Bacteria

F&I 4: Gravity & Electrostatic Forces (HS), F&I 5: Force Fields (MS), Forces & Interactions, Life Science, Physical Science, S&F 1: Cells (MS), S&F 2: Cell Function (MS), S&P 1: Atoms & Molecules (MS), S&P 2: Investigating Electrical Force (HS), S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter, Structure and Function

Nanoparticles Review for Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria

Promising Recent Strategies with Potential Clinical Translational Value to Combat Antibacterial Resistant Surge SUMMARY: This article is a review (4 sections) of the different ways nanoparticles can be used to help fight antibacterial resistant bacteria. Section one is the introduction, which talks about where current research is with nanoparticles. Section two explains how nanoparticles interact… Continue reading Nanoparticles Review for Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria