F&I 1: Newton's 2nd Law (HS), F&I 1: Newton's 3rd Law (MS), F&I 2: Newton's 1st Law (MS), F&I 2: Newton's 3rd Law (HS), F&I 3: Electric/Magnetic Forces (MS), F&I 4: Gravity & Electrostatic Forces (HS), F&I 4: Gravity & Mass (MS), F&I 5: Electricity & Magnets (HS), F&I 5: Force Fields (MS), Forces & Interactions, Physical Science, S&P 2: Investigating Electrical Force (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter, W 1: Graphing Waves (MS), W 1: Wave Relationships (HS), W 2: Wave Behavior (MS), W 3: Modeling Electromagnetic Radiation (HS), Waves & Electromagnetic Radiation

The physics of pollinator attraction

The physics of pollinator attraction SUMMARY: This article focuses on the physical properties of plants that have evolved to help them select the appropriate pollinators and discourage non-pollinators (nectar stealers). Starting with the shape of the cells, the petals of a flower often have cone shaped cells. This shape helps to scatter more light giving… Continue reading The physics of pollinator attraction

Life Science, Non-NGSS Articles, Physical Science, S&F 2: Cell Function (MS), Structure and Function, W 1: Graphing Waves (MS), W 1: Wave Relationships (HS), W 2: Wave Behavior (MS), W 4: Effects of E-magnet Radiation (HS), Waves & Electromagnetic Radiation

Toxic wavelength of blue light changes as insects grow

Toxic wavelength of blue light changes as insects grow SUMMARY: Different wavelengths of light are toxic to insects. In this study, scientists looked at the different effects of blue light on fruit flies (Drosophila). They found that each developmental stage was more susceptible to different wavelengths. There were also differences between males and females. For… Continue reading Toxic wavelength of blue light changes as insects grow

E 1: Energy Flow (HS), E 3: Designing Energy Transfer (HS), Earth Science, Earth's System, Energy, ES 1: Materials/Energy Flow (MS), ES 4: Carbon Cycling (HS), Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems, IR 1: Carrying Capacity (HS), Life Science, M&E 1: Photosynthesis (HS), M&E 1: Photosynthesis (MS), Matter & Energy in Organisms/Ecosystems, Physical Science, W 1: Graphing Waves (MS), W 1: Wave Relationships (HS), W 2: Wave Behavior (MS)

Biomass from microalgae

Biomass from microalgae: the potential of domestication towards sustainable biofactories SUMMARY: Microalgae could potentially be a renewable source of energy for people. Unfortunately, there are many issues right now with growing enough algae and keeping the process affordable (aka: it’s too expensive to grow and use algae commercially). The article is divided up into several… Continue reading Biomass from microalgae

Physical Science, W 1: Graphing Waves (MS), W 1: Wave Relationships (HS), W 2: Wave Behavior (MS), W 3: Modeling Electromagnetic Radiation (HS), W 4: Effects of E-magnet Radiation (HS), W 5: Devices (HS), Waves & Electromagnetic Radiation

Biological effects and mechanisms of shortwave radiation

Biological effects and mechanisms of shortwave radiation SUMMARY: This article review looked at the research that has been completed on the effects of shortwave radiation on the biological system. It’s been shown that shortwave electromagnetic field (SW-EMF) was successful at slowing down the growth of certain cancer cells, promote healing in skin, help with pain… Continue reading Biological effects and mechanisms of shortwave radiation

Chemical Reactions, E 2: Potential Energy (MS), E 3: Designing Energy Transfer (HS), Energy, Life Science, M&E 1: Photosynthesis (HS), M&E 1: Photosynthesis (MS), Matter & Energy in Organisms/Ecosystems, Physical Science, S&P 1: Atoms & Molecules (MS), S&P 1: Periodic Table Patterns (HS), S&P 2: Investigating Electrical Force (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter, W 1: Graphing Waves (MS), W 1: Wave Relationships (HS), W 2: Wave Behavior (MS), Waves & Electromagnetic Radiation

Powered by Light

Powered by Light: phototrophy and photosynthesis in prokaryotes and its evolution SUMMARY: This article looks at the still-not-yet-fully-known evolution and history of photosynthesis. There were various types of photosynthesis, the main difference being the type of electron donor. Some organisms used water as an electron donor, while others used things like hydrogen and manganese. The… Continue reading Powered by Light

Chemical Reactions, CR 2: Energy in Reactions (HS), CR 4: Driving Reactions (HS), Physical Science, S&P 1: Atoms & Molecules (MS), S&P 3: Heat & Reactions (MS), S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter, W 1: Graphing Waves (MS), W 1: Wave Relationships (HS), W 2: Wave Behavior (MS), Waves & Electromagnetic Radiation

Beaming Pyrimidines Part 4

The Photochemistry of Pyrimidine in Realistic Astrophysical Ices and the Production of Nucleobases SUMMARY: To mimic the conditions on a comet or space clouds, the gas mixture beamed in this experiment was a mixture of: water, methanol, ammonia, methane, and pyrazine. Pyrazine is an isomer of pyrimidine (both have the chemical formula C4H4N2). This mixture… Continue reading Beaming Pyrimidines Part 4