Life Science, M&E 2: Anabolism/Catabolism (HS), Matter & Energy in Organisms/Ecosystems, NSE 2: Taxonomy (MS), NSE 3: Embryology (MS), S&F 1: DNA to Proteins (HS), S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Homeostasis (HS), S&F 4: Stimuli Response (MS), Structure and Function

The Endocannabinoid System of Animals

The Endocannabinoid System of Animals SUMMARY: This article talks about the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in animals. The first and second section talks about the three parts of the ECS: receptors (CBR1 and CBR2), ligands (endocannabinoids), and the ligand degrading enzymes. The receptors are G-protein coupled receptors, the ligands bind directly to these receptors, and the… Continue reading The Endocannabinoid System of Animals

Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 2: Genes and Growth (MS), Life Science, S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), Structure and Function

Ingestion of Lactobacillus strain regulates emotional behavior and central GABA receptor expression

Ingestion of Lactobacillus strain regulates emotional behavior and central GABA receptor expression in a mouse via the vagus nerve SUMMARY: This study looked at the effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus on GABA receptors in the brain as well as the role of the vagus nerve in communicating between the gut and the brain. Results showed that… Continue reading Ingestion of Lactobacillus strain regulates emotional behavior and central GABA receptor expression

Life Science, Physical Science, S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter, Structure and Function

How the Microbiome Might Affect Microglia

Emerging Developments in Microbiome and Microglia Research: Implications for Neurodevelopmental Disorders SUMMARY: Short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) produced by gut bacteria influence the way microglia develop. This then affects the way synapses are pruned, myelination, and other aspects of brain development. There are three types of SCFAs: acetate, butyrate, and propionate. They each have different… Continue reading How the Microbiome Might Affect Microglia