F&I 4: Gravity & Electrostatic Forces (HS), Forces & Interactions, Physical Science, S&P 1: Periodic Table Patterns (HS), S&P 2: Investigating Electrical Force (HS), S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter

A Review of Microbial Biosorbents

A New Strategy for Heavy Metal Polluted Environments: A Review of Microbial Biosorbents SUMMARY: Heavy metal pollution is a serious problem and chemical/physical means of getting rid of them from the environment are either too expensive, not effective for low quantities of pollutants, or produce a lot of toxic waste. One solution is to use… Continue reading A Review of Microbial Biosorbents

Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 1: Mitosis (HS), Inheritance 2: Genes and Growth (MS), Inheritance 2: Role of DNA (HS), Inheritance 4: Asexual/Sexual (MS), Life Science, M&E 1: Photosynthesis (HS), M&E 1: Photosynthesis (MS), Matter & Energy in Organisms/Ecosystems, S&F 1: Cells (MS), S&F 2: Cell Function (MS), Structure and Function

Chloroplast Division

Chloroplast Division SUMMARY: Chloroplast division in plants is still a fairly unknown topic when it comes to specific cellular/molecular mechanisms. This paper describes, step by step, all the proteins and enzymes involved in helping chloroplasts divide (FtsZ, Min system, ARC6, etc.) It also compares the division of chloroplasts to binary fission in various prokaryotes (FtsZ… Continue reading Chloroplast Division

Chemical Reactions, CR 1: Determining Chemical Reactions (MS), CR 4: Driving Reactions (HS), Earth Science, Earth's System, ES 1: Geochemical Cycles (HS), ES 1: Materials/Energy Flow (MS), HSus 2: Monitoring Human Impact (MS), Human Sustainability, Life Science, M&E 2: Metabolism (MS), M&E 4: Aerobic/Anaerobic Resp. (HS), M&E 4: Biogeochemical Cycles (MS), M&E 5: Matter/Energy Cycles (HS), M&E 6: Biogeochemical Cycles (HS), Matter & Energy in Organisms/Ecosystems, Physical Science, S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter

Impacts of Biogeochemical Redox Processes

Biogeochemical Redox Processes and their Impact on Contaminant Dynamics SUMMARY: Reduction and oxidation reactions are the drivers behind many biological processes. Energy is both stored and transferred through these reactions. This article talks about the various redox reactions that can occur, both biotically and abiotically, and how that affects both biogeochemical cycles and contaminants. The… Continue reading Impacts of Biogeochemical Redox Processes

Chemical Reactions, CR 2: Energy in Reactions (HS), CR 4: Driving Reactions (HS), E 1: Energy Flow (HS), Earth Science, Earth's System, Energy, ES 1: Materials/Energy Flow (MS), Life Science, M&E 4: Biogeochemical Cycles (MS), Matter & Energy in Organisms/Ecosystems, Physical Science, S&P 3: Heat & Reactions (MS), Structure & Properties of Matter, W&C 3: Global Warming Causes (MS), Weather and Climate

Environmental impacts on the diversity of methane-cycling microbes and their resultant function

Environmental impacts on the diversity of methane-cycling microbes and their resultant function SUMMARY: There are two types of microbes that are involved in methane cycling: ones that produce methane (methanogens) and ones that use methane as a source of energy and convert it to carbon dioxide (methanotrophs). This article review looked at all the different… Continue reading Environmental impacts on the diversity of methane-cycling microbes and their resultant function

Life Science, M&E 4: Aerobic/Anaerobic Resp. (HS), Matter & Energy in Organisms/Ecosystems, Physical Science, S&P 1: Atoms & Molecules (MS), S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter

Altered gut microbiota and SCFA in Chinese children with autism spectrum disorder

Altered gut microbiota and short chain fatty acids in Chinese children with autism spectrum disorder SUMMARY: After looking at the fecal samples of 30 autistic children and 20 neurotypical children, researchers found that the autistic group had more instances of constipation, higher valeric acid (a type of short chain fatty acid), lower butyric acid, and… Continue reading Altered gut microbiota and SCFA in Chinese children with autism spectrum disorder

Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 3: Mutations (HS), Inheritance 3: Mutations (MS), Life Science, Physical Science, S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), S&F 3: Homeostasis (HS), S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter, Structure and Function

Serotonin as a link between the gut-brain-microbiome axis in autism spectrum disorders

Serotonin as a link between the gut-brain-microbiome axis in autism spectrum disorders SUMMARY: This paper reviews some of the studies that looked at the connection between serotonin production, microbiome, and autism. The first two sections give some basic information on serotonin, its reuptake transporter, and the gut-brain connection. Sections three and four talk about changes… Continue reading Serotonin as a link between the gut-brain-microbiome axis in autism spectrum disorders