E 5: Energy from Electric/Magnetic Fields (HS), Energy, F&I 3: Electric/Magnetic Forces (MS), F&I 4: Gravity & Electrostatic Forces (HS), F&I 5: Electricity & Magnets (HS), F&I 5: Force Fields (MS), Forces & Interactions, Physical Science, S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), S&P 1: Atoms & Molecules (MS), S&P 1: Periodic Table Patterns (HS), S&P 2: Investigating Electrical Force (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter, Structure and Function, W 2: Digital Info (HS), W 3: Modeling Electromagnetic Radiation (HS), W 4: Effects of E-magnet Radiation (HS), W 5: Devices (HS), Waves & Electromagnetic Radiation

Electronic Tongues

A Versatile Electronic Tongue Based on Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging and Cross-Reactive Sensor Arrays-A Mini-Review SUMMARY: Scientists are trying to create electronic tongues (eT) and noses (eN) that act similar to human tongues and noses. These artificial sensors are different from traditional sensors in that they don’t recognize individual molecules, instead, they recognize heterogeneous liquids… Continue reading Electronic Tongues

F&I 4: Gravity & Electrostatic Forces (HS), Forces & Interactions, Physical Science, S&P 1: Periodic Table Patterns (HS), S&P 2: Investigating Electrical Force (HS), S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter

A Review of Microbial Biosorbents

A New Strategy for Heavy Metal Polluted Environments: A Review of Microbial Biosorbents SUMMARY: Heavy metal pollution is a serious problem and chemical/physical means of getting rid of them from the environment are either too expensive, not effective for low quantities of pollutants, or produce a lot of toxic waste. One solution is to use… Continue reading A Review of Microbial Biosorbents

Chemical Reactions, CR 1: Determining Chemical Reactions (MS), CR 1: Predicting Reactions (HS), Life Science, Physical Science, S&F 1: Cells (MS), S&F 2: Cell Function (MS), S&P 1: Atoms & Molecules (MS), S&P 1: Periodic Table Patterns (HS), S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter, Structure and Function

Silver Dressing and Bacteria

Wound management in an era of increasing bacterial antibiotic resistance: A role for topical silver treatment(NOT OPEN ACCESS) SUMMARY: One way of fighting antibiotic resistant bacteria is to prevent them from growing in the first place. This article looks at three different types of silver dressing, intended to do just that: silver nitrate, silver sulfadiazine,… Continue reading Silver Dressing and Bacteria

Earth Science, HE 1: Earth's History (MS), HE 2: Early Earth (HS), History of Earth

Beaming Naphthalene Part 2

Amino Acids produced from the ultraviolet/extreme-ultraviolet irradiation of naphthalene in a H2O+NH3 ice mixture SUMMARY: This experiment starts quite similarly to “Beaming Naphthalene 1”, but after exposure to UV light, researchers scraped off the residue (there was no scraping of the residue in “Beaming Naphthalene 1”), hydrolysis performed (reaction with water) and products identified with… Continue reading Beaming Naphthalene Part 2

Chemical Reactions, Earth Science, Non-NGSS Articles, Physical Science, S&P 1: Atoms & Molecules (MS), S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Space Systems, SS 2: Big Bang Theory (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter

Beaming Benzene and Naphthalene

N- and O-Heterocycles Produced from the Irradiation of Benzene and Naphthalene in H2O/NH3-Containing Ices SUMMARY: While pyrimidines have been found on space rocks (carbonaceous chondrites), researchers wanted to see if they can produce different types of heterocyclic molecules in the lab by beaming benzene and naphthalene (both are cyclic organic compounds that can open, substitute… Continue reading Beaming Benzene and Naphthalene

Chemical Reactions, CR 3: Evidence of Reactions (HS), CR 4: Driving Reactions (HS), Earth Science, HE 1: Earth's History (MS), HE 2: Early Earth (HS), History of Earth, Non-NGSS Articles, Physical Science, S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter

Beaming Purines

The Formation of Nucleobases from the Ultraviolet Photoirradiation of Purine in Simple Astrophysical Ice Analogues SUMMARY: Purines were combined with water and ammonia and beamed with UV photons similar to the pyrimidines in “Beaming Pyrimidines Part 1”. Researchers found many purine compounds in the products including adenine and guanine (at different concentration levels). The discussion… Continue reading Beaming Purines