Chemical Reactions, CR 2: Energy in Reactions (HS), E 1: Energy Flow (HS), Earth Science, Earth's System, Energy, ES 1: Materials/Energy Flow (MS), ES 4: Carbon Cycling (HS), ES 5: Life on Earth (HS), Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems, IR 1: Ecosystem Interactions (MS), IR 3: Ecosystem Stability (HS), Life Science, M&E 3: Food Webs (MS), M&E 4: Biogeochemical Cycles (MS), M&E 5: Matter/Energy Cycles (HS), M&E 6: Biogeochemical Cycles (HS), Matter & Energy in Organisms/Ecosystems, Physical Science, W&C 2: Biomes (MS), W&C 2: Future Climate (HS), Weather and Climate

Moss-Cyanobacteria relationship in the boreal forest

Moss-cyanobacteria associations as biogenic sources of nitrogen in boreal forest ecosystems SUMMARY: Moss, cyanobacteria, and the trees of the boreal forest share a complicated relationship. This article first focuses on the nitrogen cycle, addressing the various sources of nitrogen and the factors (both abiotic and biotic) that affect nitrogen fixation. Turns out, temperature, water availability,… Continue reading Moss-Cyanobacteria relationship in the boreal forest

Earth Science, Earth's System, ES 1: Materials/Energy Flow (MS), ES 3: Earth's Resources (MS), HE 1: Plate Tectonics (HS), HE 2: Early Earth (HS), HE 2: Geoscience (MS), HE 3: Stratigraphic Records (MS), History of Earth

Coal Formation Not Correlated with Fungal Evolution

Delayed fungal evolution did not cause the Paleozoic peak in coal production SUMMARY: This article provides evidence to refute the theory that most of our coal was formed during a period of time (Carboniferous-Permian age, about 299 million years ago) when fungus had not evolved enzymes to digest lignin. Plant material was thought to have… Continue reading Coal Formation Not Correlated with Fungal Evolution

Earth Science, HSus 2: Managing Resources (HS), HSus 3: Arguing Sustainability (MS), HSus 4: Evaluating Solutions (HS), Human Sustainability, W&C 1: Changing Climates (HS), W&C 2: Biomes (MS), W&C 2: Future Climate (HS), Weather and Climate

Crops and Climate Change

Impact of Climate Change on Crops Adaptation and Strategies to Tackle Its Outcome: A Review (NOT OPEN ACCESS) SUMMARY: This is a review on how climate change can affect agriculture. The first six sections talk about changes in crop production, plants adapting to heat and drought, metabolic changes in plants due to increases in CO2,… Continue reading Crops and Climate Change

Earth Science, W&C 1: Weather Conditions (MS), Weather and Climate

Understanding Ocean Currents in the Atlantic Ocean

North Atlantic Ocean Circulation and Decadal Sea Level Change During the Altimetry Era SUMMARY: This article talks about the changes in the temperature of the North Atlantic Ocean in the last two decades due to the North Atlantic Oscillation (a weather phenomenon that is caused by the way water circulates in the ocean). Researchers want… Continue reading Understanding Ocean Currents in the Atlantic Ocean

Earth Science, Life Science, Natural Selection & Evolution, NSE 4: Adaption (HS), NSE 4: Fitness (MS), W&C 1: Changing Climates (HS), W&C 2: Biomes (MS), W&C 2: Future Climate (HS), Weather and Climate

Predicting Changes in Biodiversity

Risk of biodiversity collapse under climate change in the Afro-Arabian region SUMMARY: This study looked at three families of mammals (rodents, shrews, and bovines) in the Sahara and Arabian Desert regions. Researchers wanted to know how these animals would react to climate change if they were able to move away from the region versus if… Continue reading Predicting Changes in Biodiversity