Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 2: Genes and Growth (MS), Life Science, S&F 1: Cells (MS), S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 2: Cell Function (MS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), Structure and Function

Air Pollution, Early Life Microbiome, and Development

Air Pollution, Early Life Microbiome, and Development SUMMARY: This is a short review of how environmental factors during pregnancy could possibly affect the baby’s development after birth. Effects include being more prone to allergies, obesity, and autism. Many of the results turned out to be inconclusive. The authors give the following reasons: gut microbiota changes… Continue reading Air Pollution, Early Life Microbiome, and Development

Life Science, Matter & Energy in Organisms/Ecosystems, S&F 1: Cells (MS), S&F 2: Cell Function (MS), Structure and Function

Using Phytochemicals to Inhibit Efflux Pumps in Bacteria

Inhibiting Bacterial Drug Efflux Pumps via Phyto-Therapeutics to Combat Threatening Antimicrobial Resistance SUMMARY: Many plants produce chemicals that kill bacteria or prevent their growth. This article looks at how the plant chemicals affect efflux pumps. The first and second sections explain what efflux pumps are and describes the many roles they play in bacteria cells,… Continue reading Using Phytochemicals to Inhibit Efflux Pumps in Bacteria

Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 3: Mutations (HS), Inheritance 3: Mutations (MS), Life Science, M&E 2: Anabolism/Catabolism (HS), M&E 2: Metabolism (MS), Matter & Energy in Organisms/Ecosystems, Natural Selection & Evolution, NSE 1: Evolution Evidence (HS), NSE 2: Evolution Factors (HS), NSE 4: Adaption (HS), S&F 2: Cell Function (MS), S&F 4: Stimuli Response (MS), Structure and Function

All About Efflux Pumps

Bacterial Multidrug Efflux Pumps: Much More Than Antibiotic Resistance Determinants SUMMARY: Efflux pumps are found in all organisms; they play an important role in helping the cells pump out toxins, heavy metals, and in the case of antibiotic resistant bacteria, antibiotics! This article talks about how efflux pumps work, other ways that they are used… Continue reading All About Efflux Pumps