Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 2: Role of DNA (HS), Inheritance 4: Asexual/Sexual (MS), Inheritance 5: DNA Technology (MS), Life Science, Natural Selection & Evolution, Non-NGSS Articles, NSE 3: Trait Selection (HS), NSE 4: Adaption (HS), NSE 4: Fitness (MS), S&F 1: DNA to Proteins (HS), S&F 2: Cell Function (MS), Structure and Function

Anhydrobiosis without trehalose in bdelloid rotifers

Anhydrobiosis without trehalose in bdelloid rotifers SUMMARY: There are many types of organisms that can dry out, rehydrate, and then go about their lives with no problems. Many of the larger ones use trehalose or sucrose as an antifreeze. Bdelloid rotifers (tiny microscopic animals) do not. This study looked at the carbohydrate content in desiccated… Continue reading Anhydrobiosis without trehalose in bdelloid rotifers

Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 1: Behavior and Reproduction (MS), Inheritance 2: Genes and Growth (MS), Inheritance 2: Role of DNA (HS), Inheritance 4: Asexual/Sexual (MS), Inheritance 4: Population Genetics (HS), Inheritance 5: DNA Technology (MS), Life Science

Sexual reproduction in parasitic protists

Sexual reproduction and genetic exchange in parasitic protists SUMMARY: Sexual reproduction is often murky in parasites because it’s difficult to observe at times. There are two other ways to determine if an organism has sex: differences in genomes and genes for meiosis. However, in parasites, there are exceptions to this rule in that some organisms… Continue reading Sexual reproduction in parasitic protists

Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 1: Behavior and Reproduction (MS), Inheritance 1: Mitosis (HS), Inheritance 4: Population Genetics (HS), Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems, IR 1: Ecosystem Interactions (MS), IR 2: Affecting Biodiversity (HS), Life Science, M&E 3: Food Webs (MS), M&E 5: Changing Ecosystems (MS), Matter & Energy in Organisms/Ecosystems, Natural Selection & Evolution, NSE 1: Evolution Evidence (HS), NSE 2: Evolution Factors (HS), NSE 3: Trait Selection (HS), NSE 4: Adaption (HS), NSE 4: Fitness (MS), NSE 5: Natural Selection (MS), NSE 5: Population Flux (HS)

De novo origins of multicellularity in response to predation

De novo origins of multicellularity in response to predation SUMMARY: Chlamydomonas are common, single-celled green algae that have flagella and can move around. They’re a strange cross between plants and protists. In this study, scientists subjected chlamydomonas to predation by paramecia (common freshwater ciliates) and observed that after about 750 generations, the chlamydomonas took on… Continue reading De novo origins of multicellularity in response to predation

Inheritance 5: DNA Technology (MS), Life Science, Natural Selection & Evolution, NSE 2: Taxonomy (MS)

Relationship between the flagellates and the ciliates

Relationship between the flagellates and the ciliates SUMMARY: This is an article comparing the structural and genomic differences between ciliates and flagellates. Dinoflagellates seem to be the ancestors of ciliates based on similarities in various cell structures and rRNA sequencing. Structures compared include: mitochondria, mechanisms of cilia and flagella, nucleus, and how flagellate and ciliates… Continue reading Relationship between the flagellates and the ciliates

Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 2: Genes and Growth (MS), Inheritance 2: Role of DNA (HS), Inheritance 4: Asexual/Sexual (MS), Inheritance 5: DNA Technology (MS), Life Science

Meiotic Genes in Colpodean Ciliates Support Secretive Sexuality

Meiotic Genes in Colpodean Ciliates Support Secretive Sexuality SUMMARY: Researchers compared the genomes of two ciliates: one known to have sex, and another that has not been observed to have sex under laboratory conditions. Genes for meiosis were found in both classes of ciliates. Also, structures such as the micronuclei and macronuclei indicate that perhaps… Continue reading Meiotic Genes in Colpodean Ciliates Support Secretive Sexuality

Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 2: Genes and Growth (MS), Life Science, S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), Structure and Function

Ingestion of Lactobacillus strain regulates emotional behavior and central GABA receptor expression

Ingestion of Lactobacillus strain regulates emotional behavior and central GABA receptor expression in a mouse via the vagus nerve SUMMARY: This study looked at the effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus on GABA receptors in the brain as well as the role of the vagus nerve in communicating between the gut and the brain. Results showed that… Continue reading Ingestion of Lactobacillus strain regulates emotional behavior and central GABA receptor expression