Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 2: Role of DNA (HS), Life Science, Non-NGSS Articles, S&F 1: Cells (MS), S&F 1: DNA to Proteins (HS), S&F 2: Cell Function (MS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), S&F 4: Stimuli Response (MS), Structure and Function

mRNA vaccines – a new era in vaccinology

https://www.nature.com/articles/nrd.2017.243 SUMMARY: Traditional ways of making vaccines include using antigens and weakened or dead pathogens. While these methods have worked for us in the past, their application is limited. They don’t work against cancers and tumors and they can be expensive to produce. Using mRNA vaccines is a new and versatile way to create vaccines.… Continue reading mRNA vaccines – a new era in vaccinology

Life Science, S&F 1: Cells (MS), S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 2: Cell Function (MS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), Structure and Function

Immune responses in COVID-19

Immune responses in COVID-19 and potential vaccines: Lessons learned from SARS and MERS epidemic SUMMARY: This article review looks at what is already known about SARS and MERS and uses the data and clinical studies to discuss potential vaccines and treatments for the new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2. Compared to SARS-CoV and MERS, SARS-CoV-2 has a much… Continue reading Immune responses in COVID-19

Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 2: Genes and Growth (MS), Life Science, S&F 1: Cells (MS), S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 2: Cell Function (MS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), Structure and Function

Air Pollution, Early Life Microbiome, and Development

Air Pollution, Early Life Microbiome, and Development SUMMARY: This is a short review of how environmental factors during pregnancy could possibly affect the baby’s development after birth. Effects include being more prone to allergies, obesity, and autism. Many of the results turned out to be inconclusive. The authors give the following reasons: gut microbiota changes… Continue reading Air Pollution, Early Life Microbiome, and Development

Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 1: Behavior and Reproduction (MS), Inheritance 2: Genes and Growth (MS), Inheritance 2: Role of DNA (HS), Inheritance 4: Population Genetics (HS), Life Science, S&F 1: DNA to Proteins (HS), S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), Structure and Function

Variation in the human immune system is largely driven by non-heritable influences

Variation in the human immune system is largely driven by non-heritable influences SUMMARY: This study was a twin study. The researchers looked at different elements of the immune system: T-cells, NK cells, B-cells, cytokines, etc. and saw that the development of these cells were influenced by non-heritable factors such as the environment and random epigenetic… Continue reading Variation in the human immune system is largely driven by non-heritable influences

Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 5: DNA Technology (MS), Life Science

Role of CRISPR in Pathogenic Bacteria

The Role of CRISPR-Cas Systems in Virulence of Pathogenic Bacteria SUMMARY: The introduction talks about the different types of CRISPR-Cas systems and the first section explains how these CRISPR systems were used in the past (mostly to see the genotypic relationship between bacteria). It wasn’t until 2013 that scientists discovered CRISPR was a type of… Continue reading Role of CRISPR in Pathogenic Bacteria

Life Science, S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), S&F 3: Homeostasis (HS), S&F 4: Stimuli Response (MS), Structure and Function

Human Gut Microbiome and Health

The Human Gut Microbiome - A Potential Controller of Wellness and Disease SUMMARY: This is a summary article of all the disorders and diseases that are correlated with gut microbiome disruption: Clostridium infections, inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease, obesity, colon cancer, and autism spectrum disorder. For each disorder, the authors summarize the research that has… Continue reading Human Gut Microbiome and Health