Life Science, M&E 4: Aerobic/Anaerobic Resp. (HS), Matter & Energy in Organisms/Ecosystems, Physical Science, S&P 1: Atoms & Molecules (MS), S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter

Altered gut microbiota and SCFA in Chinese children with autism spectrum disorder

Altered gut microbiota and short chain fatty acids in Chinese children with autism spectrum disorder SUMMARY: After looking at the fecal samples of 30 autistic children and 20 neurotypical children, researchers found that the autistic group had more instances of constipation, higher valeric acid (a type of short chain fatty acid), lower butyric acid, and… Continue reading Altered gut microbiota and SCFA in Chinese children with autism spectrum disorder

Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 3: Mutations (HS), Inheritance 3: Mutations (MS), Life Science, Physical Science, S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), S&F 3: Homeostasis (HS), S&P 4: Molecule Traits (HS), Structure & Properties of Matter, Structure and Function

Serotonin as a link between the gut-brain-microbiome axis in autism spectrum disorders

Serotonin as a link between the gut-brain-microbiome axis in autism spectrum disorders SUMMARY: This paper reviews some of the studies that looked at the connection between serotonin production, microbiome, and autism. The first two sections give some basic information on serotonin, its reuptake transporter, and the gut-brain connection. Sections three and four talk about changes… Continue reading Serotonin as a link between the gut-brain-microbiome axis in autism spectrum disorders

Non-NGSS Articles

Gut Microbiota Features in Young Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder

Gut Microbiota Features in Young Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder SUMMARY: This study sequenced bacteria flora from the fecal samples of children with autism versus healthy controls. Results showed that there was a lower amount of Bifidobacteria species and higher levels of Lactobacillus species in the autistic children. There were higher amounts of short chain… Continue reading Gut Microbiota Features in Young Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder

Non-NGSS Articles

Anti-Candida albicans IgG Antibodies in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders

Anti-Candida albicans IgG Antibodies in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders SUMMARY: This study found that antibodies against Candida yeast were higher in children with autism compared to typical children (control). While this study looked at antibody levels and not the actual yeast population itself, it is still interesting to note that in the Comparing GI… Continue reading Anti-Candida albicans IgG Antibodies in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders

Non-NGSS Articles

Comparing GI flora in autistic children to typical children

Gastrointestinal flora and gastrointestinal status in children with autism-comparisons to typical children and correlation with autism severity SUMMARY: This study compared the fecal samples of children with autism to children without autism (control). The autism group was also divided into two groups in a later section, one taking probiotics and one not taking probiotics, and… Continue reading Comparing GI flora in autistic children to typical children

Inheritance & Variation of Traits, Inheritance 2: Genes and Growth (MS), Life Science, S&F 2: Body Systems (HS), S&F 3: Body Systems (MS), Structure and Function

Ingestion of Lactobacillus strain regulates emotional behavior and central GABA receptor expression

Ingestion of Lactobacillus strain regulates emotional behavior and central GABA receptor expression in a mouse via the vagus nerve SUMMARY: This study looked at the effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus on GABA receptors in the brain as well as the role of the vagus nerve in communicating between the gut and the brain. Results showed that… Continue reading Ingestion of Lactobacillus strain regulates emotional behavior and central GABA receptor expression